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Standard Versus Intensity-Modulated Pelvic Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Endometrial or Cervical Cancer

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays and other types of radiation to kill tumor cells. Specialized radiation therapy that delivers a high dose of radiation directly to the tumor may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying two different methods of radiation and their side effects and comparing how well they work in treating endometrial and cervical cancer after surgery.

Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms:

  • Arm I: Patients undergo standard (3-dimensional) radiation therapy 5 days a week for up to 5-6 weeks.
  • Arm II: Patients undergo intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) 5 days a week for up to 5-6 weeks.

Some patients receive cisplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1. Treatment continues weekly for 5 weeks, concurrently (at the same time) with radiation therapy, in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or disease progression.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed every 6 months for the first 2 years and then annually for 5 years.

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